As per World Bank, the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) is twice as prone to extreme weather events as the Gangetic plains or the Tibetan plateau and added to this is the fact that the IHR also is one of the most seismically active areas in the world. Not surprisingly therefore , the highest landslide fatalities in the world are in the southern edge of the Himalayan arc and almost all the major disasters in the country over the last 10 years have taken place in the IHR. Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience together with Emergency Preparedness and Response should be the topmost priority at the national,state and the district level to the community level for all the IHR States. However,the institutional framework and mechanism for such a high priority area is highly inadequate. Taking cognizance of such conditions and possible ways to mitigate the DRR challenges that IHR faces, IMI will focus on disaster risk management
Some of the specific areas identified are:
- Institutional Mechanisms and Disaster Management Plans
- Disaster Risk Insurance
- Information Communication Technology in DRR
- Disaster & Cultural Heritage
- Disasters & Tourism
Four events have been conducted so far in collaboration with State Chapters – Workshop on Landslides in Darjeeling, One of the themes in Arunachal Pradesh for SMDS-IV and Meet of the Mountain States – III. NSDMA in collaboration with SDFN and IMI organized a workshop on DRR with the objective of bringing about pragmatic plans and policies and to strategize various measures to build a resilient Nagaland; A DRR network entitled 'Towards Safer Mountains' consisting of experts, representatives of state disaster management bodies, grassroots organizations and concerned citizens has been created to disseminate real time information and preparedness measures.
IMI is piloting a project on Community Based Disaster Risk Insurance in collaboration with Northeast Centre for Technology Application and Research (NECTAR) and Micro Insurance Academy (MIA) in two districts of Nagaland State.